Monday, 6 October 2014

Septic Tank Design Easily 5 Minutes

Septic System Design or Septic Tanks Design can be done in various process, but most of them are critical and time taking laborious process. Here in this article I have given tutorial on how to design Septic Tank Easily within 5 minutes and Determine Septic Tank Size. Here I will also discuss some about the general Septic Tank Construction for designing of septic tank successfully you have to follow the steps given below one by one

Step 1: Calculation of Numbers of User : 


In any septic system design this is a very very important step as it will determine the total capacity of the septic tank required.This is the total numbers of user who will be using the septic tank within a single day. For the calculation purpose we must consider the maximum practical numbers of user who may use the W.C. within a day. The calculation can be done very easily, like suppose there is a 4 storied building and having two families on each floor. And each family contains on an average of 5 person. Therefore the building is accommodating (2 x 4) = 8 families and again 8 families will equal to users of (8 x 5) = 40 Nos. Users. Generally in no case user number is kept less than 20 users. Therefore here we will design a septic tank for 40 Users

Saturday, 27 September 2014

Design Of Steel Beam Fastest Method With Example

Civil Engineering is vast field from Culverts to Dam , Buildings To Steel Bridges, so as so the Civil Engineering Materials, It includes Steel, Concrete, Timber, Aluminium, Glass etc. Steel Design is much easier in most of the cases than RCC Design in Structural Engineering. Civil Engineering Broadly has three main phase namely Planning – consisting of Drawing, Estimating etc. Structural Design consisting of Analysis of Structures and Design Of Structures and last of all Execution which means erecting the actual work according to the Planning and Designing. Structural Engineering has always been a field of respect amongst all the Civil Engineers. Today I will discuss about a part of Structural Engineering which will be dedicated toward the Design of Steel Beam specifically Steel I Beam. After reading this article you will be able to design a steel beam by your own without any problem. To make the explanation easy for understanding I will elaborate a simple yet considerably good problem which will cover all your needs as far as the Civil Engineering and Structural Design is concerned. I know now a days all the Structural Engineering Analysis and Design is being done by Computer Software like STAAD Pro, Ansys and all that, but without having the knowledge of manual Design of civil and structural engineering all those are useless because you will be not able to understand the Design Data and the outcome from the software.
But before going to start You need to understand few things which I should tell you first or at the later stage you may find some problem.

Friday, 26 September 2014

Top 5 Concrete Problems Turning Catastrophic

The Top 5 Constructional Mistakes and Concrete Problems which can bring disastrous results if ignored are not the huge ones but very common in every construction work, which gets out of the notice of the Engineer-In-Charge in most of the cases. As I feel most of the bad construction takes places not due to the unwillingness of the Engineers, but mostly due to the lack of awareness about those small things which they take lightly and thinks they are of no major importance and will not affect the ultimate construction. I do partially agree with them to the fact that it will not harm the ultimate construction. But How long? How long that improperly made structure be durable and sustainable to the causes of failures? Though this constructional errors may not hamper it all or partially the structure in short run, say about for 10 to 15 years after the construction but in the long run it will cost a massive amount for its restoration due to the degradation through which it will undergo in the future. No one of us like You and me would like to construct a permanent structure which only lasts for 15 years safely, do we? So for assuring the safety to the structure, its durability to withstand all probable condition in future and for preventing the costly restoration works we must take care strictly to the following things, which in general larger part of us don’t really bother about. Here I will discuss about those Top mighty mistakes and their consequences if not corrected at the time of occurring.

Wednesday, 24 September 2014

Field Tests Of Building Materials

Field test of brick, cement, sand and stone chips are very much essential as they are the most common construction materials which are used in almost all of the civil engineering construction from brickwork to floor finishing everywhere. As a civil engineer, working in a site is the challenging one, as on the site engineer all the responsibility and liabilities depends upon for good quality construction.  But alone a good supervision is not enough for a good construction having required properties and durability. A proper quality control is essential at all the stages, specially at the very start , where we have to select right materials for a type of construction, as the materials are the cell of each structure. A Civil Engineer may not always have the facility of laboratory at the site for the testing of materials so as to ascertain the quality of a material weather it is bad or good, suitable or not. So a civil engineer should be able to judge the quality of the basic construction materials such as Brick, Cement, Sand and Stone Chips by means of Visual Inspection of those materials, which can be done by doing the Field Test on those materials. Here I’ve listed the different field tests for basic construction materials which becomes necessary in day to day work.

Monday, 22 September 2014

Prestressed Concrete Structures A Brief Description With Example

Prestressed Concrete Structure is the one of the most advancement in the Civil Engineering Construction Field, particularly in the Concreting Operation. In the modern day every heavily loaded structures such as Bridges, Flyovers, Railway Sleepers in all these structure where loads are so heavy that Normal RCC will not be enough there prestressed concrete is used. In this article I will share with you the main concept that is the backbone of the Prestressing technique and procedure for the Industrial manufacturing of Prestressed concrete, also after reading this article thoroughly you will understand why one should resort to Prestressed concrete, Advantages of Prestressed concrete over the normal RCC structure. First of all let us understand what the science is being the backbone of this prestressed concrete structures.

Prestressed Concrete Working Principle
PRE STRESSING ACTION TO COUNTERACT THE TENSILE STRESSES


Sunday, 21 September 2014

Ready Mix Concrete A Approach To Modern Concreting

Ready Mix Concrete is one of the most advancement in concreting industry today. The concrete whose constituents are weigh batched at a central batching plant, mixed either at the plant itself or in Transit Mixer, and then transported to the construction site and delivered in a condition ready to use is what called as Ready Mixed Concrete or RMC.This enables the place of the manufacture and use of concrete being separated and connected by suitable transportation method. This type of concrete is useful in congested sites or at diverse work places and saves the consumer from the headache of acquiring materials for preparing concrete. RMC is made under factory conditions and in a controlled state  hence this is more durable and economical in terms of proper utilisation of the ingredients of concrete. The RMC can be produced according to the required properties such as Strength, Workability, Setting Time etc.

Ready Mixed Concrete
DISCHARGE OF READY MIXED CONCRETE FROM THE TRANSIT MIXER